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Cuba is a multi-ethnic nation, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds.
Cuba's population of 11,075,244 and 76% of the people live in urban areas.
Population density is 102 persons / km2.

The largest urban populations of Cubans in Cuba are to be found in order: Havana (2,2 million inhabitants), Santiago de Cuba and Holguin (1-1 million inhabitants).
Cubans are of mixed heritage: Spanish descent, Black African ancestry and Asians. At least 50 percent of the population is classified as mulatto (mixed African and European descent).
Cubans are sociable, loquacious, friendly, warm and welcoming people. It’s hard to find some Cuban who is not happy to go out or does not love music, and mainly dancing and laughing. They like joking and normally face difficulties with a positive attitude.
It’s difficult to conceptualize the difference between the street and home as most of the doors are wide open and the social life mostly takes place in the streets and balconies.
Cubans have a casual view of time, and punctuality and schedules are not stressed. They enjoy passing most of the day outside: talking, flirting or just looking around. In almost every Cuban’s life the family plays a central role, Cubans seek support and community from extended families.
Largest cities of Cuba:
City name 2,201,610
Santiago de Cuba 433,329
Camagüey 301,574
Holguín 269,618
Santa Clara 210,220
Guantánamo 208,145
Bayamo 144,664
Las Tunas 143,582
Cienfuegos 140,734
Manzanillo 132,789
Demographics facts:



11,075,244 (July 2011 est.)


Age structure

0-14 years: 17.3% (male 984,607/female 931,167)
15-64 years: 71.1% (male 3,947,047/female 3,932,128)
65 years and over: 11.7% (male 583,757/female 708,624) (2011 est.)


Median age

total: 38.4 years
male: 37.6 years
female: 39.2 years (2011 est.)


Population growth rate

-0.115% (2011 est.)


Birth rate

9.96 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)


Death rate

7.52 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)


Net migration rate

-3.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)



urban population: 75% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)


Major cities - population

HAVANA (capital) 2.14 million (2009)


Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)


Infant mortality rate

total: 4.83 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.19 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)


Life expectancy at birth

total population: 77.87 years
male: 75.61 years
female: 80.27 years (2011 est.)


Total fertility rate

1.45 children born/woman (2011 est.)


HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

0.1% (2009 est.)


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

7,100 (2009 est.)


HIV/AIDS - deaths

fewer than 100 (2009 est.)


Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2009)



noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban


Ethnic groups

white 65.1%, mulatto and mestizo 24.8%, black 10.1% (2002 census)



nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power



Spanish (official)



definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2002 census)


People - note

illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border


School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 18 years
male: 16 years
female: 19 years (2009)


Education expenditures

13.6% of GDP (2008)


Maternal mortality rate

53 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)


Children under the age of 5 years underweight

3.9% (2000)


Health expenditures

11.8% of GDP (2009)


Physicians density

6.399 physicians/1,000 population (2007)


Hospital bed density

5.9 beds/1,000 population (2009)


Obesity - adult prevalence rate

11.8% (2002)


Source: CIA World factbook